Thomas Jefferson Knowledge Institute

Grover Cleveland

Grover ClevelandHe carried a veto pen and he knew how to use it.

Grover Cleveland was the only president who served two non-consecutive terms, having been elected in 1884 and again in 1892. Cleveland, a Democrat, had a reputation for honesty. While president he vetoed 414 bills, a record up to then. His most famous veto was that of the Texas Seed Bill. Congress had sent Cleveland a bill appropriating $10,000 to help drought-stricken farmers in Texas with funds to buy seeds. Starving farmers, to survive, had eaten their seeds that would normally have been saved for planting the following season. While Congress' intentions were noble, the bill did not pass the test of Constitutionally limited government. Cleveland, faithful to his oath of office to "preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States" sent the bill back to Congress with this message: